linux/Documentation/kernel-docs.txt
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   1.. _kernel_docs:
   2
   3Index of Documentation for People Interested in Writing and/or Understanding the Linux Kernel
   4=============================================================================================
   5
   6          Juan-Mariano de Goyeneche <jmseyas@dit.upm.es>
   7
   8The need for a document like this one became apparent in the
   9linux-kernel mailing list as the same questions, asking for pointers
  10to information, appeared again and again.
  11
  12Fortunately, as more and more people get to GNU/Linux, more and more
  13get interested in the Kernel. But reading the sources is not always
  14enough. It is easy to understand the code, but miss the concepts, the
  15philosophy and design decisions behind this code.
  16
  17Unfortunately, not many documents are available for beginners to
  18start. And, even if they exist, there was no "well-known" place which
  19kept track of them. These lines try to cover this lack. All documents
  20available on line known by the author are listed, while some reference
  21books are also mentioned.
  22
  23PLEASE, if you know any paper not listed here or write a new document,
  24send me an e-mail, and I'll include a reference to it here. Any
  25corrections, ideas or comments are also welcomed.
  26
  27The papers that follow are listed in no particular order. All are
  28cataloged with the following fields: the document's "Title", the
  29"Author"/s, the "URL" where they can be found, some "Keywords" helpful
  30when searching for specific topics, and a brief "Description" of the
  31Document.
  32
  33Enjoy!
  34
  35.. note::
  36
  37   The documents on each section of this document are ordered by its
  38   published date, from the newest to the oldest.
  39
  40Docs at the Linux Kernel tree
  41-----------------------------
  42
  43The DocBook books should be built with ``make {htmldocs | psdocs | pdfdocs}``.
  44The Sphinx books should be built with ``make {htmldocs | pdfdocs | epubdocs}``.
  45
  46    * Name: **linux/Documentation**
  47
  48      :Author: Many.
  49      :Location: Documentation/
  50      :Keywords: text files, Sphinx, DocBook.
  51      :Description: Documentation that comes with the kernel sources,
  52        inside the Documentation directory. Some pages from this document
  53        (including this document itself) have been moved there, and might
  54        be more up to date than the web version.
  55
  56    * Title: **The Kernel Hacking HOWTO**
  57
  58      :Author: Various Talented People, and Rusty.
  59      :Location: Documentation/DocBook/kernel-hacking.tmpl
  60      :Keywords: HOWTO, kernel contexts, deadlock, locking, modules,
  61        symbols, return conventions.
  62      :Description: From the Introduction: "Please understand that I
  63        never wanted to write this document, being grossly underqualified,
  64        but I always wanted to read it, and this was the only way. I
  65        simply explain some best practices, and give reading entry-points
  66        into the kernel sources. I avoid implementation details: that's
  67        what the code is for, and I ignore whole tracts of useful
  68        routines. This document assumes familiarity with C, and an
  69        understanding of what the kernel is, and how it is used. It was
  70        originally written for the 2.3 kernels, but nearly all of it
  71        applies to 2.2 too; 2.0 is slightly different".
  72
  73    * Title: **Linux Kernel Locking HOWTO**
  74
  75      :Author: Various Talented People, and Rusty.
  76      :Location: Documentation/DocBook/kernel-locking.tmpl
  77      :Keywords: locks, locking, spinlock, semaphore, atomic, race
  78        condition, bottom halves, tasklets, softirqs.
  79      :Description: The title says it all: document describing the
  80        locking system in the Linux Kernel either in uniprocessor or SMP
  81        systems.
  82      :Notes: "It was originally written for the later (>2.3.47) 2.3
  83        kernels, but most of it applies to 2.2 too; 2.0 is slightly
  84        different". Freely redistributable under the conditions of the GNU
  85        General Public License.
  86
  87On-line docs
  88------------
  89
  90    * Title: **Linux Kernel Mailing List Glossary**
  91
  92      :Author: various
  93      :URL: http://kernelnewbies.org/glossary/
  94      :Date: rolling version
  95      :Keywords: glossary, terms, linux-kernel.
  96      :Description: From the introduction: "This glossary is intended as
  97        a brief description of some of the acronyms and terms you may hear
  98        during discussion of the Linux kernel".
  99
 100    * Title: **Tracing the Way of Data in a TCP Connection through the Linux Kernel**
 101
 102      :Author: Richard Sailer
 103      :URL: https://archive.org/details/linux_kernel_data_flow_short_paper
 104      :Date: 2016
 105      :Keywords: Linux Kernel Networking, TCP, tracing, ftrace
 106      :Description: A seminar paper explaining ftrace and how to use it for
 107        understanding linux kernel internals,
 108        illustrated at tracing the way of a TCP packet through the kernel.
 109      :Abstract: *This short paper outlines the usage of ftrace a tracing framework
 110        as a tool to understand a running Linux system.
 111        Having obtained a trace-log a kernel hacker can read and understand
 112        source code more determined and with context.
 113        In a detailed example this approach is demonstrated in tracing
 114        and the way of data in a TCP Connection through the kernel.
 115        Finally this trace-log is used as base for more a exact conceptual
 116        exploration and description of the Linux TCP/IP implementation.*
 117
 118    * Title: **On submitting kernel Patches**
 119
 120      :Author: Andi Kleen
 121      :URL: http://halobates.de/on-submitting-kernel-patches.pdf
 122      :Date: 2008
 123      :Keywords: patches, review process, types of submissions, basic rules, case studies
 124      :Description: This paper gives several experience values on what types of patches
 125        there are and how likley they get merged.
 126      :Abstract:
 127        [...]. This paper examines some common problems for
 128        submitting larger changes and some strategies to avoid problems.
 129
 130    * Title: **Overview of the Virtual File System**
 131
 132      :Author: Richard Gooch.
 133      :URL: http://www.mjmwired.net/kernel/Documentation/filesystems/vfs.txt
 134      :Date: 2007
 135      :Keywords: VFS, File System, mounting filesystems, opening files,
 136        dentries, dcache.
 137      :Description: Brief introduction to the Linux Virtual File System.
 138        What is it, how it works, operations taken when opening a file or
 139        mounting a file system and description of important data
 140        structures explaining the purpose of each of their entries.
 141
 142    * Title: **Linux Device Drivers, Third Edition**
 143
 144      :Author: Jonathan Corbet, Alessandro Rubini, Greg Kroah-Hartman
 145      :URL: http://lwn.net/Kernel/LDD3/
 146      :Date: 2005
 147      :Description: A 600-page book covering the (2.6.10) driver
 148        programming API and kernel hacking in general.  Available under the
 149        Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 license.
 150      :note: You can also :ref:`purchase a copy from O'Reilly or elsewhere  <ldd3_published>`.
 151
 152    * Title: **Writing an ALSA Driver**
 153
 154      :Author: Takashi Iwai <tiwai@suse.de>
 155      :URL: http://www.alsa-project.org/~iwai/writing-an-alsa-driver/index.html
 156      :Date: 2005
 157      :Keywords: ALSA, sound, soundcard, driver, lowlevel, hardware.
 158      :Description: Advanced Linux Sound Architecture for developers,
 159        both at kernel and user-level sides. ALSA is the Linux kernel
 160        sound architecture in the 2.6 kernel version.
 161
 162    * Title: **Linux PCMCIA Programmer's Guide**
 163
 164      :Author: David Hinds.
 165      :URL: http://pcmcia-cs.sourceforge.net/ftp/doc/PCMCIA-PROG.html
 166      :Date: 2003
 167      :Keywords: PCMCIA.
 168      :Description: "This document describes how to write kernel device
 169        drivers for the Linux PCMCIA Card Services interface. It also
 170        describes how to write user-mode utilities for communicating with
 171        Card Services.
 172
 173    * Title: **Linux Kernel Module Programming Guide**
 174
 175      :Author: Ori Pomerantz.
 176      :URL: http://tldp.org/LDP/lkmpg/2.6/html/index.html
 177      :Date: 2001
 178      :Keywords: modules, GPL book, /proc, ioctls, system calls,
 179        interrupt handlers .
 180      :Description: Very nice 92 pages GPL book on the topic of modules
 181        programming. Lots of examples.
 182
 183    * Title: **Global spinlock list and usage**
 184
 185      :Author: Rick Lindsley.
 186      :URL: http://lse.sourceforge.net/lockhier/global-spin-lock
 187      :Date: 2001
 188      :Keywords: spinlock.
 189      :Description: This is an attempt to document both the existence and
 190        usage of the spinlocks in the Linux 2.4.5 kernel. Comprehensive
 191        list of spinlocks showing when they are used, which functions
 192        access them, how each lock is acquired, under what conditions it
 193        is held, whether interrupts can occur or not while it is held...
 194
 195    * Title: **A Linux vm README**
 196
 197      :Author: Kanoj Sarcar.
 198      :URL: http://kos.enix.org/pub/linux-vmm.html
 199      :Date: 2001
 200      :Keywords: virtual memory, mm, pgd, vma, page, page flags, page
 201        cache, swap cache, kswapd.
 202      :Description: Telegraphic, short descriptions and definitions
 203        relating the Linux virtual memory implementation.
 204
 205    * Title: **Video4linux Drivers, Part 1: Video-Capture Device**
 206
 207      :Author: Alan Cox.
 208      :URL: http://www.linux-mag.com/id/406
 209      :Date: 2000
 210      :Keywords: video4linux, driver, video capture, capture devices,
 211        camera driver.
 212      :Description: The title says it all.
 213
 214    * Title: **Video4linux Drivers, Part 2: Video-capture Devices**
 215
 216      :Author: Alan Cox.
 217      :URL: http://www.linux-mag.com/id/429
 218      :Date: 2000
 219      :Keywords: video4linux, driver, video capture, capture devices,
 220        camera driver, control, query capabilities, capability, facility.
 221      :Description: The title says it all.
 222
 223    * Title: **Linux IP Networking. A Guide to the Implementation and Modification of the Linux Protocol Stack.**
 224
 225      :Author: Glenn Herrin.
 226      :URL: http://www.cs.unh.edu/cnrg/gherrin
 227      :Date: 2000
 228      :Keywords: network, networking, protocol, IP, UDP, TCP, connection,
 229        socket, receiving, transmitting, forwarding, routing, packets,
 230        modules, /proc, sk_buff, FIB, tags.
 231      :Description: Excellent paper devoted to the Linux IP Networking,
 232        explaining anything from the kernel's to the user space
 233        configuration tools' code. Very good to get a general overview of
 234        the kernel networking implementation and understand all steps
 235        packets follow from the time they are received at the network
 236        device till they are delivered to applications. The studied kernel
 237        code is from 2.2.14 version. Provides code for a working packet
 238        dropper example.
 239
 240    * Title: **How To Make Sure Your Driver Will Work On The Power Macintosh**
 241
 242      :Author: Paul Mackerras.
 243      :URL: http://www.linux-mag.com/id/261
 244      :Date: 1999
 245      :Keywords: Mac, Power Macintosh, porting, drivers, compatibility.
 246      :Description: The title says it all.
 247
 248    * Title: **An Introduction to SCSI Drivers**
 249
 250      :Author: Alan Cox.
 251      :URL: http://www.linux-mag.com/id/284
 252      :Date: 1999
 253      :Keywords: SCSI, device, driver.
 254      :Description: The title says it all.
 255
 256    * Title: **Advanced SCSI Drivers And Other Tales**
 257
 258      :Author: Alan Cox.
 259      :URL: http://www.linux-mag.com/id/307
 260      :Date: 1999
 261      :Keywords: SCSI, device, driver, advanced.
 262      :Description: The title says it all.
 263
 264    * Title: **Writing Linux Mouse Drivers**
 265
 266      :Author: Alan Cox.
 267      :URL: http://www.linux-mag.com/id/330
 268      :Date: 1999
 269      :Keywords: mouse, driver, gpm.
 270      :Description: The title says it all.
 271
 272    * Title: **More on Mouse Drivers**
 273
 274      :Author: Alan Cox.
 275      :URL: http://www.linux-mag.com/id/356
 276      :Date: 1999
 277      :Keywords: mouse, driver, gpm, races, asynchronous I/O.
 278      :Description: The title still says it all.
 279
 280    * Title: **Writing Video4linux Radio Driver**
 281
 282      :Author: Alan Cox.
 283      :URL: http://www.linux-mag.com/id/381
 284      :Date: 1999
 285      :Keywords: video4linux, driver, radio, radio devices.
 286      :Description: The title says it all.
 287
 288    * Title: **I/O Event Handling Under Linux**
 289
 290      :Author: Richard Gooch.
 291      :URL: http://web.mit.edu/~yandros/doc/io-events.html
 292      :Date: 1999
 293      :Keywords: IO, I/O, select(2), poll(2), FDs, aio_read(2), readiness
 294        event queues.
 295      :Description: From the Introduction: "I/O Event handling is about
 296        how your Operating System allows you to manage a large number of
 297        open files (file descriptors in UNIX/POSIX, or FDs) in your
 298        application. You want the OS to notify you when FDs become active
 299        (have data ready to be read or are ready for writing). Ideally you
 300        want a mechanism that is scalable. This means a large number of
 301        inactive FDs cost very little in memory and CPU time to manage".
 302
 303    * Title: **(nearly) Complete Linux Loadable Kernel Modules. The definitive guide for hackers, virus coders and system administrators.**
 304
 305      :Author: pragmatic/THC.
 306      :URL: http://packetstormsecurity.org/docs/hack/LKM_HACKING.html
 307      :Date: 1999
 308      :Keywords: syscalls, intercept, hide, abuse, symbol table.
 309      :Description: Interesting paper on how to abuse the Linux kernel in
 310        order to intercept and modify syscalls, make
 311        files/directories/processes invisible, become root, hijack ttys,
 312        write kernel modules based virus... and solutions for admins to
 313        avoid all those abuses.
 314      :Notes: For 2.0.x kernels. Gives guidances to port it to 2.2.x
 315        kernels.
 316
 317    * Name: **Linux Virtual File System**
 318
 319      :Author: Peter J. Braam.
 320      :URL: http://www.coda.cs.cmu.edu/doc/talks/linuxvfs/
 321      :Date: 1998
 322      :Keywords: slides, VFS, inode, superblock, dentry, dcache.
 323      :Description: Set of slides, presumably from a presentation on the
 324        Linux VFS layer. Covers version 2.1.x, with dentries and the
 325        dcache.
 326
 327    * Title: **The Venus kernel interface**
 328
 329      :Author: Peter J. Braam.
 330      :URL: http://www.coda.cs.cmu.edu/doc/html/kernel-venus-protocol.html
 331      :Date: 1998
 332      :Keywords: coda, filesystem, venus, cache manager.
 333      :Description: "This document describes the communication between
 334        Venus and kernel level file system code needed for the operation
 335        of the Coda filesystem. This version document is meant to describe
 336        the current interface (version 1.0) as well as improvements we
 337        envisage".
 338
 339    * Title: **Design and Implementation of the Second Extended Filesystem**
 340
 341      :Author: Rémy Card, Theodore Ts'o, Stephen Tweedie.
 342      :URL: http://web.mit.edu/tytso/www/linux/ext2intro.html
 343      :Date: 1998
 344      :Keywords: ext2, linux fs history, inode, directory, link, devices,
 345        VFS, physical structure, performance, benchmarks, ext2fs library,
 346        ext2fs tools, e2fsck.
 347      :Description: Paper written by three of the top ext2 hackers.
 348        Covers Linux filesystems history, ext2 motivation, ext2 features,
 349        design, physical structure on disk, performance, benchmarks,
 350        e2fsck's passes description... A must read!
 351      :Notes: This paper was first published in the Proceedings of the
 352        First Dutch International Symposium on Linux, ISBN 90-367-0385-9.
 353
 354    * Title: **The Linux RAID-1, 4, 5 Code**
 355
 356      :Author: Ingo Molnar, Gadi Oxman and Miguel de Icaza.
 357      :URL: http://www.linuxjournal.com/article.php?sid=2391
 358      :Date: 1997
 359      :Keywords: RAID, MD driver.
 360      :Description: Linux Journal Kernel Korner article. Here is its
 361      :Abstract: *A description of the implementation of the RAID-1,
 362        RAID-4 and RAID-5 personalities of the MD device driver in the
 363        Linux kernel, providing users with high performance and reliable,
 364        secondary-storage capability using software*.
 365
 366    * Title: **Linux Kernel Hackers' Guide**
 367
 368      :Author: Michael K. Johnson.
 369      :URL: http://www.tldp.org/LDP/khg/HyperNews/get/khg.html
 370      :Date: 1997
 371      :Keywords: device drivers, files, VFS, kernel interface, character vs
 372        block devices, hardware interrupts, scsi, DMA, access to user memory,
 373        memory allocation, timers.
 374      :Description: A guide designed to help you get up to speed on the
 375        concepts that are not intuitevly obvious, and to document the internal
 376        structures of Linux.
 377
 378    * Title: **Dynamic Kernels: Modularized Device Drivers**
 379
 380      :Author: Alessandro Rubini.
 381      :URL: http://www.linuxjournal.com/article.php?sid=1219
 382      :Date: 1996
 383      :Keywords: device driver, module, loading/unloading modules,
 384        allocating resources.
 385      :Description: Linux Journal Kernel Korner article. Here is its
 386      :Abstract: *This is the first of a series of four articles
 387        co-authored by Alessandro Rubini and Georg Zezchwitz which present
 388        a practical approach to writing Linux device drivers as kernel
 389        loadable modules. This installment presents an introduction to the
 390        topic, preparing the reader to understand next month's
 391        installment*.
 392
 393    * Title: **Dynamic Kernels: Discovery**
 394
 395      :Author: Alessandro Rubini.
 396      :URL: http://www.linuxjournal.com/article.php?sid=1220
 397      :Date: 1996
 398      :Keywords: character driver, init_module, clean_up module,
 399        autodetection, mayor number, minor number, file operations,
 400        open(), close().
 401      :Description: Linux Journal Kernel Korner article. Here is its
 402      :Abstract: *This article, the second of four, introduces part of
 403        the actual code to create custom module implementing a character
 404        device driver. It describes the code for module initialization and
 405        cleanup, as well as the open() and close() system calls*.
 406
 407    * Title: **The Devil's in the Details**
 408
 409      :Author: Georg v. Zezschwitz and Alessandro Rubini.
 410      :URL: http://www.linuxjournal.com/article.php?sid=1221
 411      :Date: 1996
 412      :Keywords: read(), write(), select(), ioctl(), blocking/non
 413        blocking mode, interrupt handler.
 414      :Description: Linux Journal Kernel Korner article. Here is its
 415      :Abstract: *This article, the third of four on writing character
 416        device drivers, introduces concepts of reading, writing, and using
 417        ioctl-calls*.
 418
 419    * Title: **Dissecting Interrupts and Browsing DMA**
 420
 421      :Author: Alessandro Rubini and Georg v. Zezschwitz.
 422      :URL: http://www.linuxjournal.com/article.php?sid=1222
 423      :Date: 1996
 424      :Keywords: interrupts, irqs, DMA, bottom halves, task queues.
 425      :Description: Linux Journal Kernel Korner article. Here is its
 426      :Abstract: *This is the fourth in a series of articles about
 427        writing character device drivers as loadable kernel modules. This
 428        month, we further investigate the field of interrupt handling.
 429        Though it is conceptually simple, practical limitations and
 430        constraints make this an ''interesting'' part of device driver
 431        writing, and several different facilities have been provided for
 432        different situations. We also investigate the complex topic of
 433        DMA*.
 434
 435    * Title: **Device Drivers Concluded**
 436
 437      :Author: Georg v. Zezschwitz.
 438      :URL: http://www.linuxjournal.com/article.php?sid=1287
 439      :Date: 1996
 440      :Keywords: address spaces, pages, pagination, page management,
 441        demand loading, swapping, memory protection, memory mapping, mmap,
 442        virtual memory areas (VMAs), vremap, PCI.
 443      :Description: Finally, the above turned out into a five articles
 444        series. This latest one's introduction reads: "This is the last of
 445        five articles about character device drivers. In this final
 446        section, Georg deals with memory mapping devices, beginning with
 447        an overall description of the Linux memory management concepts".
 448
 449    * Title: **Network Buffers And Memory Management**
 450
 451      :Author: Alan Cox.
 452      :URL: http://www.linuxjournal.com/article.php?sid=1312
 453      :Date: 1996
 454      :Keywords: sk_buffs, network devices, protocol/link layer
 455        variables, network devices flags, transmit, receive,
 456        configuration, multicast.
 457      :Description: Linux Journal Kernel Korner.
 458      :Abstract: *Writing a network device driver for Linux is fundamentally
 459        simple---most of the complexity (other than talking to the
 460        hardware) involves managing network packets in memory*.
 461
 462    * Title: **Analysis of the Ext2fs structure**
 463
 464      :Author: Louis-Dominique Dubeau.
 465      :URL: http://teaching.csse.uwa.edu.au/units/CITS2002/fs-ext2/
 466      :Date: 1994
 467      :Keywords: ext2, filesystem, ext2fs.
 468      :Description: Description of ext2's blocks, directories, inodes,
 469        bitmaps, invariants...
 470
 471Published books
 472---------------
 473
 474    * Title: **Linux Treiber entwickeln**
 475
 476      :Author: Jürgen Quade, Eva-Katharina Kunst
 477      :Publisher: dpunkt.verlag
 478      :Date: Oct 2015 (4th edition)
 479      :Pages: 688
 480      :ISBN: 978-3-86490-288-8
 481      :Note: German. The third edition from 2011 is
 482         much cheaper and still quite up-to-date.
 483
 484    * Title: **Linux Kernel Networking: Implementation and Theory**
 485
 486      :Author: Rami Rosen
 487      :Publisher: Apress
 488      :Date: December 22, 2013
 489      :Pages: 648
 490      :ISBN: 978-1430261964
 491
 492    * Title: **Embedded Linux Primer: A practical Real-World Approach, 2nd Edition**
 493
 494      :Author: Christopher Hallinan
 495      :Publisher: Pearson
 496      :Date: November, 2010
 497      :Pages: 656
 498      :ISBN: 978-0137017836
 499
 500    * Title: **Linux Kernel Development, 3rd Edition**
 501
 502      :Author: Robert Love
 503      :Publisher: Addison-Wesley
 504      :Date: July, 2010
 505      :Pages: 440
 506      :ISBN: 978-0672329463
 507
 508    * Title: **Essential Linux Device Drivers**
 509
 510      :Author: Sreekrishnan Venkateswaran
 511      :Published: Prentice Hall
 512      :Date: April, 2008
 513      :Pages: 744
 514      :ISBN: 978-0132396554
 515
 516.. _ldd3_published:
 517
 518    * Title: **Linux Device Drivers, 3rd Edition**
 519
 520      :Authors: Jonathan Corbet, Alessandro Rubini, and Greg Kroah-Hartman
 521      :Publisher: O'Reilly & Associates
 522      :Date: 2005
 523      :Pages: 636
 524      :ISBN: 0-596-00590-3
 525      :Notes: Further information in
 526        http://www.oreilly.com/catalog/linuxdrive3/
 527        PDF format, URL: http://lwn.net/Kernel/LDD3/
 528
 529    * Title: **Linux Kernel Internals**
 530
 531      :Author: Michael Beck
 532      :Publisher: Addison-Wesley
 533      :Date: 1997
 534      :ISBN: 0-201-33143-8 (second edition)
 535
 536    * Title: **Programmation Linux 2.0 API systeme et fonctionnement du noyau**
 537
 538      :Author: Remy Card, Eric Dumas, Franck Mevel
 539      :Publisher: Eyrolles
 540      :Date: 1997
 541      :Pages: 520
 542      :ISBN: 2-212-08932-5
 543      :Notes: French
 544
 545    * Title: **The Design and Implementation of the 4.4 BSD UNIX Operating System**
 546
 547      :Author: Marshall Kirk McKusick, Keith Bostic, Michael J. Karels,
 548        John S. Quarterman
 549      :Publisher: Addison-Wesley
 550      :Date: 1996
 551      :ISBN: 0-201-54979-4
 552
 553    * Title: **Unix internals -- the new frontiers**
 554
 555      :Author: Uresh Vahalia
 556      :Publisher: Prentice Hall
 557      :Date: 1996
 558      :Pages: 600
 559      :ISBN: 0-13-101908-2
 560
 561    * Title: **Programming for the real world - POSIX.4**
 562
 563      :Author: Bill O. Gallmeister
 564      :Publisher: O'Reilly & Associates, Inc
 565      :Date: 1995
 566      :Pages: 552
 567      :ISBN: I-56592-074-0
 568      :Notes: Though not being directly about Linux, Linux aims to be
 569        POSIX. Good reference.
 570
 571    * Title:  **UNIX  Systems  for  Modern Architectures: Symmetric Multiprocessing and Caching for Kernel Programmers**
 572
 573      :Author: Curt Schimmel
 574      :Publisher: Addison Wesley
 575      :Date: June, 1994
 576      :Pages: 432
 577      :ISBN: 0-201-63338-8
 578
 579    * Title: **The Design and Implementation of the 4.3 BSD UNIX Operating System**
 580
 581      :Author: Samuel J. Leffler, Marshall Kirk McKusick, Michael J
 582        Karels, John S. Quarterman
 583      :Publisher: Addison-Wesley
 584      :Date: 1989 (reprinted with corrections on October, 1990)
 585      :ISBN: 0-201-06196-1
 586
 587    * Title: **The Design of the UNIX Operating System**
 588
 589      :Author: Maurice J. Bach
 590      :Publisher: Prentice Hall
 591      :Date: 1986
 592      :Pages: 471
 593      :ISBN: 0-13-201757-1
 594
 595Miscellaneous
 596-------------
 597
 598    * Name: **Cross-Referencing Linux**
 599
 600      :URL: http://lxr.free-electrons.com/
 601      :Keywords: Browsing source code.
 602      :Description: Another web-based Linux kernel source code browser.
 603        Lots of cross references to variables and functions. You can see
 604        where they are defined and where they are used.
 605
 606    * Name: **Linux Weekly News**
 607
 608      :URL: http://lwn.net
 609      :Keywords: latest kernel news.
 610      :Description: The title says it all. There's a fixed kernel section
 611        summarizing developers' work, bug fixes, new features and versions
 612        produced during the week. Published every Thursday.
 613
 614    * Name: **The home page of Linux-MM**
 615
 616      :Author: The Linux-MM team.
 617      :URL: http://linux-mm.org/
 618      :Keywords: memory management, Linux-MM, mm patches, TODO, docs,
 619        mailing list.
 620      :Description: Site devoted to Linux Memory Management development.
 621        Memory related patches, HOWTOs, links, mm developers... Don't miss
 622        it if you are interested in memory management development!
 623
 624    * Name: **Kernel Newbies IRC Channel and Website**
 625
 626      :URL: http://www.kernelnewbies.org
 627      :Keywords: IRC, newbies, channel, asking doubts.
 628      :Description: #kernelnewbies on irc.oftc.net.
 629        #kernelnewbies is an IRC network dedicated to the 'newbie'
 630        kernel hacker. The audience mostly consists of people who are
 631        learning about the kernel, working on kernel projects or
 632        professional kernel hackers that want to help less seasoned kernel
 633        people.
 634        #kernelnewbies is on the OFTC IRC Network.
 635        Try irc.oftc.net as your server and then /join #kernelnewbies.
 636        The kernelnewbies website also hosts articles, documents, FAQs...
 637
 638    * Name: **linux-kernel mailing list archives and search engines**
 639
 640      :URL: http://vger.kernel.org/vger-lists.html
 641      :URL: http://www.uwsg.indiana.edu/hypermail/linux/kernel/index.html
 642      :URL: http://groups.google.com/group/mlist.linux.kernel
 643      :Keywords: linux-kernel, archives, search.
 644      :Description: Some of the linux-kernel mailing list archivers. If
 645        you have a better/another one, please let me know.
 646
 647-------
 648
 649Document last updated on Tue 2016-Sep-20
 650
 651This document is based on:
 652 http://www.dit.upm.es/~jmseyas/linux/kernel/hackers-docs.html
 653